In 1984, the National Security Guard (NSG) was set up as a Federal Contingency Deployment Force to tackle all phases of terrorism in the nation or country. In 1986 under the National Security Guard Act of the Indian Parliament, it was raised to a special force by the Cabinet Secretariat. NSG is an elite force, working completely inside the Central Armed Police Forces structure. It is one of the finest counter-terrorist units in the world performing a diversity of characters from counter-terrorism to hostage rescue to VIP protection.
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National Security Guard is a task-oriented force, modeled on the design of the SAS of UK and GSG-9 of Germany and has two complementary elements in the form of Special Ranger Groups (SRG) and Special Action Group (SAG). Special Action Group, the offensive wing comprises of army group and SRG consists of groups or persons from Central Paramilitary Forces (CPFs) and Central Police Organisations (CPOs) such as the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF), the Border Security Force (BSF), and State Police forces. The primary function of the SRG is to play a supportive function in the SAG, especially in detaching target areas. The duty of granting VVIP security for high-risk VVIPs in India is done by the SRG of the NSG.
The smallest combat unit in the National Security Guard's counter-terrorist operations is known as a hit which comprises five persons-two pairs, or partners and a technical support member. Four hits make a team that is under the command of a Captain. The number of hits used for an intervention job depends on its complexity and the extent of the operation.
The NSG works under the oversight of the Ministry of Home Affairs and is commanded by the Director-General of the Indian Police Service (IPS). NSG members and commandos are popularly known as Black Cats because of the black drill cotton coveralls and balaclavas or helmets they wear.
NSG is specially furnished and trained to deal with specific circumstances and is, therefore, to be used only in exceptional situations. The Force is not created to undertake the functions of the State Police Forces or other Para Military Forces of the Union of India. The motive of NSG is - One for All, All for One.
Requirements for Deputation to NSG
A solicitor cannot enter directly to the National Security Guard force (NSG). Since National Security Guard is a deputation force, there is no direct recruitment. The recruitment for NSG Commandos is generally done from surviving defense forces. So to be eligible to become a National Security Guard, one has to be a soldier or a member and trainee of a military or para-military force. Only those with excellent accomplishments are considered for NSG. Further, they should not have any red-ink entry, no criminal record and have no punishment record in the last three years of service.
Rank in the NSG range from junior commissioned officers to team leader. Candidates for Entry-level positions are required to be less than 30 years of age and should have a minimum of 2 years in the defence service. There are also various physical and psychological tests to assess suitability in NSG.
|Central Police Organisations (CPOs)|
|JCO||Junior Commissioned Officer|
|NCO||Non Commissioned Officer|
|ACR*||Annual Confidential Report|
|Sub Insp||Sub Inspector|
|Sr. No.||Rank/ Designation||Ranger Group||Administrative Group||Remarks|
|1||Age Factor (in years)|
|a) Sepoys / Consts
b) NCOs / Uos
c) JCOs / SOs
• Sub Insp
d) Officers • Team Commanderp
• Squadron Commander
• Group Commander
(No restriction in case of security aide)
|2||Service Experience Factor (in terms of minimum years of service)|
|a Sepoys / Consts
b NCOs / UOs
c JCOs / SOs
3 (as NCO / UO)
3 (as JCOs / SOs)
|(As NCO / UO for direct appointees and no restriction for promotees) (As JCOs / SOs for direct appointees and no restriction promotees)|
a) Sepoys/ Consts
b) NCOs/ UOs
c) JCOs/ SOs
8th / 3rd CE
8th / 3rd CE
10th / 1st CE
6th / 3rd CE
6th / 3rd CE
10th / 1st CE
a) Serving officers & JCOs/ SOs
As laid down in the recruitment rules in respective Para-Military / Police Organisations without any condonation
|5||Health Factor||Medical Ctegory ‘A’ for all categories and ranks|
|6||Training Factor||Preference will be given to those who have done professional / technical training courses in recognized training institutions|
|Punishment free record for three years and no major punishment during entire service. Categorization : not below 'good'|
Those who complete the basic pieces of training are sent for nine months of advanced training. High-level Training familiar with the NSG personnel with state-of-the-art surveillance gadgets and other sophisticated equipment. The advanced training unit has an excellent bomb disposal squad unit. High-level training also covers ‘combat room shoot’ in which commando have to join a dark room, adjust their vision to the darkness and shoot at a mark or target within 3 sec by torchlight or a compatible laser image intensifier. Related training is also directed under discotheque strobe lights. Shooting skills are honed at an electronic combat shooting range, which is divided into 11 zones and spread over 400 meters. Volunteers have to cover the distance in 6.30 min and fire at 29 targets along the way, with the target exposure time between two and three seconds and the targets, are of every kind – vertically rising, popping out, moving and rotating. The faster a person meshes the target the more points he scores. It is not just non-reactive targets that they exercise against. In double room shooting, rival warriors enter contiguous rooms and watch each other’s movements on a screen. They are supposed to neutralize each other by shooting at the screen. The exercise tests the warrior's response time and accuracy under near-field conditions. The men are also put through a battle shot performance where they have to stand right next to the target while one of their partners shoots at it.
Only those who complete the whole course successfully are inducted into the National Security Guard and given further specialized training. Some National Security Guard personnel are sent to Israel for advanced training. Though it is not known exactly what training they receive, it could probably be the CT and HRT course with Unit 707.
For managing the young profile of the force, troops are revolved and sent back to their parent organizations after serving in the NSG for three to five years.