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National Security Guard

In 1984, the National Security Guard (NSG) was set up as a Federal Contingency Deployment Force to tackle all phases of terrorism in the nation or country. In 1986 under the National Security Guard Act of the Indian Parliament, it was raised to a special force by the Cabinet Secretariat. NSG is an elite force, working completely inside the Central Armed Police Forces structure. It is one of the finest counter-terrorist units in the world performing a diversity of characters from counter-terrorism to hostage rescue to VIP protection.

Defence Academy is the specialized Institute in Dehradun. We guide with extra materials which is a plus point for learners. For the preparation of NSD exams, it is the best coaching institute in Dehradun and the atmosphere is powerful. This Academy focuses on improving confidence with knowledge in students and they learn how to crack the exam from specialists. A knowledgeable team is in the Academy who guides every time. Your future is very bright in this institute.

National Security Guard is a task-oriented force, modeled on the design of the SAS of UK and GSG-9 of Germany and has two complementary elements in the form of Special Ranger Groups (SRG) and Special Action Group (SAG). Special Action Group, the offensive wing comprises of army group and SRG consists of groups or persons from Central Paramilitary Forces (CPFs) and Central Police Organisations (CPOs) such as the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF), the Border Security Force (BSF), and State Police forces. The primary function of the SRG is to play a supportive function in the SAG, especially in detaching target areas. The duty of granting VVIP security for high-risk VVIPs in India is done by the SRG of the NSG.

The smallest combat unit in the National Security Guard's counter-terrorist operations is known as a hit which comprises five persons-two pairs, or partners and a technical support member. Four hits make a team that is under the command of a Captain. The number of hits used for an intervention job depends on its complexity and the extent of the operation.

The NSG works under the oversight of the Ministry of Home Affairs and is commanded by the Director-General of the Indian Police Service (IPS). NSG members and commandos are popularly known as Black Cats because of the black drill cotton coveralls and balaclavas or helmets they wear.

  • The specific goal of NSG commandos include :
  • Neutralization of specific terrorist threats
  • Handling hijacking situations in the air and on the land.
  • Engaging and neutralizing terrorists in specific situations.
  • Bomb disposal (search, detection, and neutralization of IEDs)
  • Post Blast Investigation (PBI)
  • Rescue of hostages in kidnap situations

NSG is specially furnished and trained to deal with specific circumstances and is, therefore, to be used only in exceptional situations. The Force is not created to undertake the functions of the State Police Forces or other Para Military Forces of the Union of India. The motive of NSG is - One for All, All for One.

How to Join in NSG

Requirements for Deputation to NSG

A solicitor cannot enter directly to the National Security Guard force (NSG). Since National Security Guard is a deputation force, there is no direct recruitment. The recruitment for NSG Commandos is generally done from surviving defense forces. So to be eligible to become a National Security Guard, one has to be a soldier or a member and trainee of a military or para-military force. Only those with excellent accomplishments are considered for NSG. Further, they should not have any red-ink entry, no criminal record and have no punishment record in the last three years of service.

Rank in the NSG range from junior commissioned officers to team leader. Candidates for Entry-level positions are required to be less than 30 years of age and should have a minimum of 2 years in the defence service. There are also various physical and psychological tests to assess suitability in NSG.

Ranks in the Army and Central Police organizations from which the NSG candidates are deputed are given below:
Central Police Organisations (CPOs)
JCO Junior Commissioned Officer
NCO Non Commissioned Officer
OR Other Ranks
CE* Certificate Education
ACR* Annual Confidential Report

SO Subordinate Officer
UO Under Officer
Insp Inspector
Sub Insp Sub Inspector
Consts Constables

Qualitative Requirements (QRs) for Deputation to NSG

Sr. No. Rank/ Designation Ranger Group Administrative Group Remarks
1 Age Factor (in years)
a) Sepoys / Consts
b) NCOs / Uos
c) JCOs / SOs
 • Insp
 • Sub Insp
d) Officers  • Team Commanderp
 • Squadron Commander
 • Group Commander
Below 30
Below 38

Below 43
Below 40

Below 38
Below 42
Below 47
Below 35
Below 40

Below 43
Below 40

Below 38
Below 42
Below 47

(No restriction in case of security aide)
2 Service Experience Factor (in terms of minimum years of service)
a Sepoys / Consts
b NCOs / UOs
c JCOs / SOs
d Officers
No restriction
3 (as NCO / UO)
3 (as JCOs / SOs)
No restriction
(As NCO / UO for direct appointees and no restriction for promotees) (As JCOs / SOs for direct appointees and no restriction promotees)
3 Educational Factor
a) Sepoys/ Consts
b) NCOs/ UOs
c) JCOs/ SOs

8th / 3rd CE
8th / 3rd CE
10th / 1st CE

6th / 3rd CE
6th / 3rd CE
10th / 1st CE
4 Physical Standards
a) Serving officers & JCOs/ SOs
b) OR
No Restriction
As laid down in the recruitment rules in respective Para-Military / Police Organisations without any condonation
5 Health Factor Medical Ctegory ‘A’ for all categories and ranks
6 Training Factor Preference will be given to those who have done professional / technical training courses in recognized training institutions
7 Service Factor
a) Punishment
Punishment free record for three years and no major punishment during entire service. Categorization : not below 'good'

How to Join in NSG
  • Choose what rank or function you want to achieve in the National Security Guard. You can join Special Action Group (SAG) or Special Rangers Group (SRG); both are divisions of the NSG. There are some age requirements so you should plan forward and have a clear goal for your future in the NSG.
  • Check if you match all the application criteria, such as physical and health standards, age, education, and service experience. The criteria would depend on the position you are applying for. You should also have no red-ink entry, no criminal record and have no punishment record in the last 3 years you are in the service.
  • Submit a complete medical exam, which will include a physical and psychological evaluation. Store the document that you will be given after you complete the exam. You will require this when you apply for the NSG training program. The only pleasant medical evaluation for joining the National Security Guard is 'A'.
  • Apply for an NSG training program in Manesar, which is near Delhi. There are several different courses in the program, such as a bomb disposal course, a VIP driving course, and a left-wing extremism course. Check the NSG website for information regarding accommodations, schedules, and fees regarding the training program.
  • Apply to become a recognized member of the National Security Guard. Fill out the application form and pay the requisite fee. Prepare the papers that show you have completed the training, provided in the army and another recognizable government service and passed the medical exam. Then send the complete documentation to the National Security Guard headquarters in Mehram Nagar, New Delhi.
  • Wait for the confirmation from the NSG office.
  • Additional preparations for the training program, such as sports activities, gym classes, and martial arts lessons are highly recommended.
  • Being a part of an elite special force is a privilege, but is also extremely dangerous. Make sure not to misrepresent your physician about any kind of medical condition that could put you or others in danger.

Training in NSG

Those who complete the basic pieces of training are sent for nine months of advanced training. High-level Training familiar with the NSG personnel with state-of-the-art surveillance gadgets and other sophisticated equipment. The advanced training unit has an excellent bomb disposal squad unit. High-level training also covers ‘combat room shoot’ in which commando have to join a dark room, adjust their vision to the darkness and shoot at a mark or target within 3 sec by torchlight or a compatible laser image intensifier. Related training is also directed under discotheque strobe lights. Shooting skills are honed at an electronic combat shooting range, which is divided into 11 zones and spread over 400 meters. Volunteers have to cover the distance in 6.30 min and fire at 29 targets along the way, with the target exposure time between two and three seconds and the targets, are of every kind – vertically rising, popping out, moving and rotating. The faster a person meshes the target the more points he scores. It is not just non-reactive targets that they exercise against. In double room shooting, rival warriors enter contiguous rooms and watch each other’s movements on a screen. They are supposed to neutralize each other by shooting at the screen. The exercise tests the warrior's response time and accuracy under near-field conditions. The men are also put through a battle shot performance where they have to stand right next to the target while one of their partners shoots at it.

Only those who complete the whole course successfully are inducted into the National Security Guard and given further specialized training. Some National Security Guard personnel are sent to Israel for advanced training. Though it is not known exactly what training they receive, it could probably be the CT and HRT course with Unit 707.

For managing the young profile of the force, troops are revolved and sent back to their parent organizations after serving in the NSG for three to five years.


  • Back up Classes are planned and arranged for specific students of the batch, according to their performance reports and to improve the performance level of such students.
  • In case of any non – compliance by students, parents are informed by phones. A Single person’s record file is maintained for each student at Defence Academy.
  • Homework assignments given to the students are checked periodically by a dedicated team of experts & teachers.
  • We also believe in extensively covering the complete syllabus in limited time, so that students get sufficient time for revision. All the subjects are covered to cater to student's every requirement at a competitive level.
  • CPS including exercise sheets with 10 – 15 questions related to previous and current topics is provided to students. This assures regular revision of previous and constant practice of running a topic.

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